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Lyft gets into bike-share business, acquiring operator of Capital Bikeshare and Citi Bike

Lyft has acquired Motivate, the operator of Capital Bikeshare, the company announced Monday. (Astrid Riecken for The Washington Post)

Lyft is getting into the bikeshare business, announcing Monday it has acquired the nation’s largest bikeshare operator, Motivate.

The ride-hailing company acquired Motivate, the operator of Capital Bikeshare and New York’s Citi Bike, among other bikeshare services, in a deal believed to be valued at least $250 million. The company will introduce “Lyft Bikes,” seizing on the momentum around dockless and pedal-assist e-bikes in major U.S. cities and inject resources into the bikeshare operator to expand those offerings around the country.

It was not immediately clear where Lyft planned to launch those services; the company declined to comment Monday on the details of any product rollouts.

“Lyft and Motivate have both been committed for years to the same goal of reducing the need for personal car ownership by providing reliable and affordable ways to move around our cities,” Lyft co-founder and President John Zimmer said in a statement. “Bringing together Lyft and Motivate will accelerate our collaboration with cities and deliver even better experiences to our passengers and riders.”

It also was unclear how the Lyft deal would affect Motivate-operated Capital Bikeshare. The District Department of Transportation said Monday afternoon it would be premature to comment on the agreement, but officials “look forward to the continued expansion of Capital Bikeshare, one of the nation’s oldest and most successful bikeshare systems.” The agency did not say whether the agreement could impact Capital Bikeshare’s branding or whether it will retain Motivate — now Lyft Bikes — as the operator.

Ride-hailing companies have indicated they want to make their apps one-stop shops for mobility, enabling users to select a destination and use the appropriate mode of transportation — whether solo or pooled ride, bike or scooter — to get there.

Lyft hinted it wants to offer a service similar to Jump Mobility, the e-bike company acquired this spring by Uber. Lyft said it wants to grow existing markets and “work with cities on delivering innovation, including providing dockless and pedal-assist electric bikes to riders around the country,” according to a news release on its Motivate acquisition.

In contrast to dockless bike-share and scooter services such as Lime, Bird and Spin, Motivate operates fixed-dock services that are fueling the rise of bike sharing around the country. Since launching with 100 stations and just over 1,000 bikes in 2010, Capital Bikeshare has surged in popularity, growing to 4,300 bikes and 500 stations in less than a decade.

The purchase does not include Motivate’s bike maintenance and service division, a unionized workforce, which will remain a separate division. Lyft says it inherits Motivate’s corporate and technology divisions and the city contracts that fuel branding agreements such as New York’s Citi Bike, San Francisco’s Ford GoBike and Portland’s Nike-sponsored “Biketown.”

Lyft says existing sponsorship agreements will remain in place in the short-term.

Capital Bikeshare is different from other cities’ systems because it does not have a named sponsor. The sponsorship agreements are worth millions in annual revenue in some cases and make up a significant chunk of the revenue derived from bikeshare services. While ride-hailing companies might have an interest in rebranding the bikes under their own corporate logos, it could be a tricky prospect because cities have existing contracts with corporate sponsors. Citi Bike’s May 2018 operating report said it brought in $6.5 million in revenue — $4.7 million in membership and other fees and $1.8 million in sponsorship money.

Citi paid $41 million to be the corporate sponsor for New York’s bikeshare system beginning in 2012.


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